What is Plastic Pollution? its Causes and Effects

Plastic Waste Pollution

What is Plastic Pollution?

Plastic pollution has become one of the most pressing environmental problems as the production of single-use plastic products is rapidly increasing and outstripping the world’s capacity. Plastic pollution is most prominent in developing countries in Asia and Africa, where waste collection systems are often inefficient or non-existent. However, even in developed countries, especially those with low recycling rates, it is difficult to properly collect used plastics. Plastic waste is so widespread that it has spurred efforts to create a global agreement negotiated by the United Nations.

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The Problem with Plastics

Plastic is a polymeric material. That is materials whose molecules are very large and often resemble long chains with a continuous chain of connecting links. Natural polymers such as rubber and silk are widely used, but natural “plastics” do not remain in the environment and thus do not contribute to environmental pollution.

Today, however, the average consumer is exposed to all kinds of plastics on a daily basis, mainly to counteract the natural degradation process. These materials are primarily of petroleum origin and can be applied as cast, cast, spun, or coated. Synthetic plastics have a low biodegradability and therefore remain in the natural environment.

In addition, most single-use plastics and lightweight packaging materials, which account for about 50% of all plastic production, do not have containers for transfer to landfills, recycling centers, or incinerators. Instead, they are misused at or near the point where they are no longer useful to the consumer. Whether it’s dropped on the floor, thrown out a car window, piled into an already full trash can, or picked up casually by the wind, it quickly pollutes the environment.

In fact, scenes littered with plastic packaging have become commonplace in several parts of the world. (Illegal dumping of plastics and overflow containment structures also play a role.) While population centers produce the most waste, research around the world shows that some countries or demographics are not as responsible. No. The causes and consequences of plastic pollution are truly global.

How plastics move around the world

Most of the plastic debris in the oceans is disappearing from the planet. Humans also navigate the sea through major rivers that act as conveyor belts, and sewage flows downstream. Most plastic waste ends up in coastal waters once it enters the ocean. Once anchored in the sea, it can travel around the world.

Harm to Wildlife

Plastic kills billions of animals every year, from birds to fish and other marine life. Nearly 700 species, including endangered species, are known to be affected by plastic. Almost all sea creatures eat plastic.

Many animals died from exposure or starvation. Fish, fish, turtles, and other animals eat discarded fishing gear or tire six layers. Microbes have been found in more than 100 aquatic organisms, including fish, fish, and crustaceans, which are our staple food. These particles usually pass through the digestive tract and are excreted harmlessly. However, plastic has been shown to cause death by blocking digestion or organs. A stomach full of plastic suppresses your appetite and makes you hungry.

Land animals such as elephants, leopards, elephants, tigers, camels, buffaloes, and other large mammals die in some cases from chewing gum.

Studies have shown that caviar damages liver cells, impairs reproductive function, and is less effective in some species, such as oysters.

Located on Pitcairn Island between Chile and New Zealand, Henderson Island has met plastics scientists from Russia, the United States, Europe, South America, Japan, and China. They migrate from the South Pacific to the South Pacific.

Plastic pollution in oceans and on land

Because these oceans lie beneath much of the earth’s crust, they are the repository for much of the planet’s plastic waste. Millions of tonnes of waste enter the world’s oceans every year, often from improperly disposed of plastic waste. The first ocean survey of the amount of plastic waste in the oceans, published in 2014, revealed an estimated 5.25 trillion individual plastic particles weighing approximately 244,000 tons (269,000 short tons). 44% of the material is found in rivers, seas, and coastal areas.

Marine plastic pollution was first noticed by scientists studying plankton in the late 1960s and 1970s and has attracted significant attention from marine and coastal scientists to reduce pollution and plastic use. Floating plastic debris has been found to accumulate in five subtropical gyres that cover 40% of the world’s oceans.

This circulation is located in the middle latitudes of the earth and includes the subtropical circulation east of the North and South Pacific Oceans, which scientists and the media call the “garbage zone” (of high conductivity plastic debris near the sea floor). a region) is known as . .

Plastic Pollution Prevention


Besides cleaning the oceans, which is a very important first step, but not a long-term solution, the best way to fight plastic pollution is to change our thoughts and habits with this controversial but very useful material


To effectively reduce plastic pollution, the use of plastic must be reduced. This means changing our daily habits, not using plastic when there is a better alternative, and using plastic only when it is really necessary.


Plastic recycling consists of collecting plastic waste and refining it into new products to reduce the amount of plastic in the waste stream.


Another important solution is education in awareness and behavior change.

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