What is Waste Disposal

What is Waste Disposal?

Waste management encompasses the processes and activities required to manage waste from origin to final disposal. The collection, transportation, treatment, and disposal of waste, as well as the monitoring and control of waste management processes and economic, legal, technical, and waste-related processes

Waste Disposal
 

Types of Waste

  • Industrial Waste
  • Household Waste
  • Hazardous Waste
  • Nuclear Waste

Composition of the Waste

  • The composition of solid waste varies from region to region and from time to time. Here are some different types of solid waste.
  • Biodegradable waste can decompose itself, for example, food and kitchen waste, green grass, leaves, etc.
  • Something that can be renewed, that is, it can be renewed again and again; such as paper, glass, bottles, pots, metal, some plastics, clothes, clothes, batteries, etc.
  • The waste material is non-degradable, i.e. they cannot be decomposed; such as construction and demolition waste, dirt, rock, rubble, etc.
  • Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE); such as electrical appliances, televisions, computers, screens, etc.
  • Composite waste; such as used clothes, tetra pack, free plastic, etc
  • Hazardous waste and toxic household waste; for example, paint, chemicals, light bulbs, fluorescent tubes, air cans, fertilizers and pesticides, footwear, etc.

Effects of the Waste

  • The lack of proper methods and practices of solid waste management has detrimental effects on the environment and human health. These problems or effects can be widespread.
  • Some of the health risks of excess fat include:
  • Common skin and eye infections
  • Airborne dust from landfills can cause respiratory problems in children and adults
  • Flies breed in open sewage areas and spread diseases like diarrhea, dysentery, typhoid, hepatitis, and cholera.
  • Mosquitoes cause the diseases like malaria and yellow fever.
  • Dogs, cats and rats that live nearby are carriers of diseases such as plague and tick fever
  • Intestinal, parasitic and skin infections are common in scavengers

Problems Caused by Waste

Solid waste production in Pakistan ranges from 0.283 to 0.612 kg per person per day and the growth rate of waste production is 2.4% per year. Solid waste is often dumped on the ground. This land can be used for more useful purposes and destroyed, which can be beneficial.
The main problems of waste management in Pakistan are:
  • There is no proper waste collection system
  • Garbage is thrown on the street
  • We cannot collect separately the different types of waste.
  • Not hygienic design
  • Citizens are not aware of the link between waste management and environmental and public health issues.

Ways for Waste Disposal

Legislation

Countries need strong environmental laws for solid waste management and effective implementation:

Pakistan has responded to its environmental problems by legislating, establishing government agencies, and accepting technical assistance from donors, including the World Bank. However, the response is still fragmented and environmental institutions, laws, and other initiatives may not be able to solve the whole problem.

Environmental laws in Pakistan still do not work, especially compared to developed countries. For example, there is no national quality standard for solid waste management (SVM).

Reduce

The best way to reduce waste is to not produce it at all. Everyone should try to reduce consumption as much as possible. For example, choose a product with less packaging and use a cloth/duffle bag instead of a plastic bag when purchasing.

  • The idea is to improve efficiency and avoid unnecessary use of resources through measures such as:
  • Purchase of raw materials that come in small packages or require small processing resources.
  • Avoid disposable or disposable items.
  • Buy recycled or recycled materials, repair or reuse.
  • Develop an inventory to protect perishable items (such as food) from being wasted.
  • If your business can’t reduce or prevent waste, you can recycle.

Waste Compaction

Waste such as cans and plastic bottles are crushed into blocks and sent for recycling. This process prevents metal corrosion and reduces the need for air space, making transportation and installation easier.

The Waste Hierarchy

The waste hierarchy is a decision-making model that identifies and prioritizes alternative waste management solutions from an environmental perspective.

Waste prevention is at the top of the triangle and emphasizes the need to take action before waste is created. This emphasizes the need to reduce the total amount of waste as much as possible. This can mean, for example, that the number of product packaging is reduced.

The next step is recycling, recycling waste such as plastic bottles. A similar concept is recycling, where materials such as playground tires are given a new but different purpose. ETM also offers a variety of high-quality products such as surface and aggregate. The next step is recycling, where the waste is converted into a new object or product.

Since burning is not the preferred method, it takes place near the base of the triangle. If you don’t get energy from burning waste, people don’t like it because toxic gases can get into the atmosphere.

Benefits of Waste Disposal

The main advantages of efficient waste processing are:

  • Environmental protection: against pollution and pollution.
  • Cash generation: companies can buy recyclable materials because they have value. In addition, the waste processing sector provides employment.
  • Safe: Careless litter can be harmful to humans.
  • Exploring alternatives – Significant progress has been made in areas where new solutions for waste management have been found, such as composting.
  • Business philosophy: As consumers become more environmentally aware, it is important for companies to promote “green” strategies and environmental commitments. The main advantages of efficient waste processing are:
  • Environmental protection: against pollution and pollution.
  • Cash generation: companies can buy recyclable materials because they have value. In addition, the waste processing sector provides employment.
  • Safe: Careless litter can be harmful to humans.
  • Exploring alternatives – Significant progress has been made in areas where new solutions for waste management have been found, such as composting.
  • Business philosophy: As consumers become more environmentally aware, it is important for companies to promote “green” strategies and environmental commitments.

 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Back to top button