Hello! Here I am going to discuss Biodiversity in this post. Biodiversity is a term used to describe the abundance of life on Earth. It is generally used to denote all species in an area or ecosystem. All plants, animals, bacteria, microorganisms, and humans are included in biodiversity. Biodiversity includes all living things, including plants, bacteria, animals, and humans. About 8.7 million species of plants and animals are included in biodiversity according to the opinion of the scientists. To date, however, only about 1.2 million species have been identified and described, mainly insects. This means that millions of other beings will remain a complete mystery.
What is Biodiversity?
Biodiversity refers to the wide variety of species that live on Earth, including plants, animals, bacteria, and fungi. Although the Earth’s biodiversity is very rich and only a few species have yet been found, many species are in danger of extinction due to human activities, endangering the Earth’s beautiful biodiversity.
The term biodiversity encompasses life at all levels, from ecosystems to species and genes. Biodiversity research examines all the structures of life that make Earth the only known planet where humans can live.
Why Is Biodiversity Important?
Biodiversity is important to many aspects of our lives. We value biodiversity for many reasons – some utilitarian, others spontaneous. This means that we respect biodiversity for what it brings to human beings and for the values it contains. Utility values include many of the basic needs of human biodiversities, such as food, fuel, shelter, and medicine. In addition, ecosystems provide important services such as pollination, seed dispersal, climate regulation, water purification, nutrient cycle, and agricultural pest control. Biodiversity is also important for unrecognized potential benefits, such as new drugs and other unknown services. Biodiversity also has cultural value for humans, for example for spiritual or religious reasons.
The intrinsic value of biodiversity means the inherent value, which depends on the value of non-existence and non-existence. However, this is a philosophical concept that can be considered an inalienable right. Finally, the value of biodiversity can also be understood through the prism of relationships built and achieved with each other and all that exists in nature. We can respect biodiversity because of how it shapes who we are, relationships, and social norms. These relationship values are part of the individual or collective well-being of society, responsibility, and relationship with the environment. Different biodiversity values are important because they can influence daily conservation decisions.
Threats to Biodiversity
In recent centuries, human dominance on earth has led to rapid environmental change and reduced the earth’s biodiversity. This led to what is now called “anthropology”. As the world continues to experience change and destruction, these events are now happening at an unprecedented rate. Habitat loss and Fragmentation, Unsustainable Resources Use, Invasive Species, Pollution, and Global Climate Change are the major threats to biodiversity. The main causes of biodiversity loss, such as population growth and excessive consumption, are often complex and involve many interrelated factors.
These threats include:
Change Land and Water Consumption:
Our land and sea are home to a number of ecosystems that are affected by our business operations. For example, a developer filling a swamp or swamp for a home will remove soil that draws more water during a storm. The consequences can be serious. When superstorm Sandy hit New York and New Jersey in 2012, coastal bogs reduced New Jersey’s damage by 27% ($ 430 million) and saved many swamps. Almost all swamps in New York City are flooded and underdeveloped, and wetland protection reduces damage by 0.4% ($ 140 million).
Excessive Use and Prolonged Use:
Activities such as felling, agriculture, and fishing can be conducted in a sustainable way, but generally in a resource-efficient way. If too many species, or even a few important species, are removed from the environment, all living tissue in the area will be destroyed. (Think too many stone walls or too many cobwebs.) In general, people get more out of nature. For example, more than 70% of sea fish are caught. According to a study from 2016, the lake will disappear by 2050.
We have seen warmer weather, warmer seas, and milder weather. Many species do not adapt to these conditions and their numbers decrease. These endangered species include many pollinators, contributing between $ 235 billion and $ 577 billion to the global economy each year.
Air, soil, and water pollution are major threats to many ecosystems. Small pieces of plastic placed in seawater can damage fish, birds, and other marine life. Industrial toxins kill many organisms in rivers and lakes. Air pollutants enter the soil, leaves, and water. All this results in fewer species, less diversity, and more fragile ecosystems.
Invasive Made Visibly:
Global trade transports organisms from native ecosystems to other parts of the world, where often non-food animals and their numbers cannot be fed and cared for. The warmer climate allows endangered species to develop mosquito populations at new latitudes. Exotic species often create new unbalanced habitats. The brown rat, which is native to Central Asia, affects all parts of the world, killing hundreds of species and causing $ 19 billion in annual damage in the United States alone.
The Good News
The good news is that we need to change our approach to ensure the survival of the species and the health and integrity of the ecosystem. By understanding the threats to biodiversity and their evolutionary patterns, we can be better prepared to tackle the conservation challenges. In the current state of biodiversity, efforts to conserve biodiversity have changed dramatically in recent decades. More than 100,000 protected areas, including state and county-owned national parks, game reserves, reserves, and marine reserves, contribute to the destruction of wildlife habitats and remote forests.
When habitat protection is inadequate, other conservation measures, such as the recovery, recovery, and control of invasive species, have had a positive effect. These efforts have been reinforced by ongoing efforts to improve local, regional and global ecosystems. Finally, lifestyle choices by individuals and organizations can have significant impacts on biodiversity and the environment. We may not be able to stop humans’ negative impact on biodiversity, but we can work with the knowledge to change the way and shape our impact on the rest of life on Earth.
By assuming no radicle transformation in human behavior, there is the expectation of biodiversity changes by 2050. Recent extinction in biodiversity was 100 to 1000 times the pre-human level. If the threatened species become extinct, then future extensions will be 10 times as compared recent rates. Some species can survive in the next century but some not. Changes in biodiversity cause alternation of ecosystem processes and also alter the resilience of the ecosystem to the environment. There are many consequences that are derived from the environment of humans. The large-scale monitoring of the extensive changes in plant species distribution. Many alternations in the Marine ecosystem biodiversity due to large Marine predators. There are spectral capturing changes in plant species composition across all biomes in the United States. Tropical forests in ecosystems are functioning but they are disturbed by anthropogenic activities and climate change.