Environmental degradation – Causes , Effects and Solution to Environmental Degradation

Environmental degradation

Environmental degradation is the deterioration of the environment caused by the degradation of resources such as air, water and soil quality; environmental degradation; environmental degradation; wild animals are extinct; and dirt It is defined as a change or alteration of the environment that is considered harmful or undesirable.

Environmental problems can be defined as the adverse effects of human activities on the environment. The biological and physical characteristics of the environment are also taken into account. Some of the major environmental challenges of great concern are air pollution, water pollution, environmental pollution, waste disposal, etc.


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Desertification, deforestation, biodiversity loss

There has been a general acceleration of environmental degradation caused by human activities since 1950. The fight against the depletion of the ozone layer, through the Vienna Convention of 1985 and the Montreal Protocol of 1987, may have successfully prevented, but there is an increase in another kind of destruction, viz. despite the mechanisms provided. According to international rules

Desertification – a phenomenon that can be of natural or human origin – is exacerbated by overexploitation of land and irrigation, deforestation, industrialization, tourism, and climate change. According to the UN, 12 million hectares of land and $42 billion in revenue are lost each year, despite the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), ratified in 1992.

According to EBT estimates, between 2010 and 2015 there was a net annual reduction in forest cover of 3.3 million hectares worldwide. Deforestation is not a new phenomenon: 1.8 billion hectares of forests have been destroyed in 5,000 years to meet human needs for food, fodder, fuel, fiber, and forest products (the five Fs). Two recent changes should be noted: since the 1950s, deforestation has mainly affected tropical forests, and repopulation in temperate zones has continued to increase; and since the 1990s, the private sector has replaced the state as the main actor in deforestation.

In 2015, the UN estimated that the global rate of deforestation has decreased by 50% over the past 25 years, but the specific rate varies between geographical regions and different tropical forests (coal basins, biodiversity reserves, and habitats). traditional). Of the Aboriginal community) poor results Ocean acidification, destruction of abundant biodiversity, declining fish populations, and various forms of pollution are among the environmental damage described in the UN’s Global Environment Outlook 2019.

Managing global waste

Every year, humanity produces more than 4 billion, almost half of which are in cities. In 2100 this could be the sign. Since 1972, the Rome Conference’s “Limits to Growth” report has warned of the problem of unlimited resource use and limited waste. Today, waste management is more than a living room, supporting a $433 billion industry. 20 million people work in the recycling sector every year. Recycling waste is an important factor in achieving the political, economic, health, and environmental goals, as explained by Michelle Acuto from Sydney, at the basis of the circular economy or zero waste projects.

The International campaigns by environmental NGOs such as Greenpeace and WWF emphasize the 3R mantra (“Reduce, Reuse, Recycle”) and specific issues such as plastic waste, which ends up in our oceans at 12.7 million tons per year. or the illegal trade in toxic substances. As Baptiste Monsengeon says, the waste remains invisible to those who produce it: by isolating the waste problem and focusing on its management and disposal, we hide the political, economic, and social choices associated with the delivery of waste.

Causes of Environmental Degradation                          

Some species living in the environment require significant spaces to provide food, habitat, and various other resources. These animals are called special areas.

When a biome is separated, large areas of living space no longer exist. It becomes difficult for animals to get the resources they need to survive. The environment is preserved, but not enough to support animal and plant life.

 Land Disturbance

The main cause of environmental degradation is soil loss. Many types of herbaceous plants, such as garlic and mustard, are strange and invasive.

A break in the atmosphere allows them to grow and spread. These plants can invade nature and destroy native plants.

The result is an area of ​​mostly single plants that cannot provide a satisfactory food source for its ecosystem. Therefore, these invasive species can destroy entire ecosystems


All forms of pollution, including air, water, soil and noise, are harmful to the environment. Air pollution pollutes the air we breathe and causes health problems.

Water pollution reduces the quality of the water we drink. Land pollution leads to the pollution of the land due to human activities.

Noise pollution can cause irreparable damage to your ears if they are constantly exposed to loud noises, such as honking cars on busy roads or loud machinery in a factory or business.


Rapid population growth is putting pressure on natural resources and leading to pollution of our environment. Improvements in medical facilities have reduced mortality and increased life expectancy.

Population growth simply means increased demand for food, clothing and shelter. More space is needed to grow food and house millions of people. This leads to deforestation, which is another cause of environmental degradation.


Landfills in the environment and destroys the beauty of the city. Garbage enters the city due to the generation of large amounts of waste from households, industries, factories and hospitals.

Littering is a serious threat to the health of the environment and its inhabitants. When landfills are burned, they emit foul odors and cause environmental damage.


Deforestation is the cutting down of trees to make way for homes and other industries. Rapid population growth and urbanization are the two main causes of deforestation.

Furthermore, one of the causes of deforestation is the use of forest land for agriculture, animal husbandry, pollution and mining. Deforestation causes global warming because deforestation releases carbon into the environment.

Natural Causes

Events such as avalanches, earthquakes, tsunamis, hurricanes and fires can destroy nearby groups of animals and plants for survival.

This can be the result of physical destruction from a particular disaster or the prolonged decline of a property due to the introduction of invasive alien species. The latter usually appears after the waves, when reptiles and insects come ashore.

Of course, people are not responsible for all this. The soil also causes environmental problems. While environmental degradation is often attributed to human activities, the truth is that the environment is constantly changing. With or without human education, some biological systems break down and cannot support the life that should exist in them.

Effects of Environmental Degradation

 Impact on Human Health

Human health may be on the verge of environmental degradation. Areas exposed to toxic soil can cause respiratory problems such as pneumonia and asthma. It is estimated that millions of people have died as a result of the indirect effects of air pollution.

 Loss of Biodiversity

Biodiversity is important for balancing ecosystems by fighting pollution, restoring food, preserving water resources and stabilizing the climate. Deforestation, global warming, overpopulation and pollution are the main causes of biodiversity loss.

Ozone Layer Depletion

From harmful Ultraviolet radiations the ozone layer protects the earth.. The presence of chlorofluorocarbons and chlorofluorocarbons in the atmosphere destroys the ozone layer. As it decays, it emits harmful radiation back to Earth.

Losses in the tourism industry

Environmental degradation can be a major disadvantage for the tourism industry, which depends on tourists for their daily lives. Environmental damage in the form of loss of greenery, loss of biodiversity, massive waste processing and increased air and water pollution is a major turn-off for many tourists.

The high cost to the world of environmental pollution can have important economic consequences for greenery restoration, cleaning up waste and protecting endangered species. There may also be an economic impact in terms of damage to the tourism industry.

Final Words

The devastating effects on human health and global population growth are the result of a combination of environmental degradation and social inequality. This article provides an overview of the causes and health consequences of these trends at home and abroad. Causes include overpopulation, pollution, deforestation, global warming, unsustainable agricultural and fishing practices, overpopulation, wealth distribution, increasing entrepreneurship, debt crisis in developing countries, military and war.

The consequences are increasing poverty, overpopulation, hunger, extreme climates, loss of biodiversity, acute and chronic diseases, war and human rights, as well as increasing global environmental instability, violence and the Malthusian catastrophe that is at its root. Because of their scientific background and socioeconomic status, doctors are in a unique position to recognize these phenomena and take action at every level, from interacting with their patients to volunteering, service, and the most valuable they also participate in may be politics. Promote activism and engagement. Concrete strategies are discussed.

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