Habitat, Component and Types of Habitat

 What is Habitat?

Habitat is the area where living things make their homes. An organism’s habitat meets all the environments necessary for its survival. Like an animal, this means it takes everything like food, shelter, choose a mate and reproduces successfully

The optimal location for the plant should be a balanced mix of light, air, water and soil, for example, pear cactus, suitable for sandy soil hot weather and full sun. It thrives in desert areas such as the Sonoran Desert. Southwest of Mexico I breed them in warm, warm waters for long periods of time. (Happy forever) Like in the USA it’s not a state like Oregon or Washington.

What is Habitat

The most important aspects of a home are shelter, water, food and space. It is said that a home has the same order if it is of equal value. Sometimes a shelter can only be done with parts of a well-designed overall plan.

For example, a puma habitat may contain a lot of food (turkeys, rabbits and squirrels), water (lakes, rivers, or waterfalls), and habitat. However, the cougar’s habitat is few, if any, structures for this large animal to establish its territory. Animals can lose some of their habitat, such as the atmosphere, and as people start building their homes and factories. The animal is pushed into a very small area to live.

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Components of Habitat


An organization needs different amounts of space to thrive, which differs for each type. For example, the average carpenter ant needs several square inches to traverse an entire colony, find food, and do all the other things it needs to survive. Cougars are rather very isolated animals in an area that requires a lot of space. Cougars can cover an area of ​​455 square kilometers (175 square miles) for hunting and mating purposes. The tiger cannot survive in a vast area like the carpenter ant.

Plants also need space. Coastal larches such as, Redwood National Park in California in the United States. A plant 4.5 meters (15 feet) in diameter and 106 meters (350 feet) high will not have enough room to grow and develop in a community park or garden.

Space is not the same as a province. The zoo is part of the habitat, with giraffes living in grasslands, for example. However, the breeding range is in Central, Eastern and Southern Africa.


The availability of food is key to the maintenance of homes. Black bears mainly eat plants such as clover and dandelion. When drought occurs, harvests will be scarce, but habitats (including upland forests), shelter (caves and forests), water (rivers and lakes), and some food sources will remain. But it’s not just food. This will not be a good layout.

Too much food can damage our living environment. Algae are microscopic aquatic organisms that produce their own food through photosynthesis. Phosphorus nutrients promote algae growth. When phosphorus is added quickly from freshwater sources, algae “bloom” or multiplies rapidly. Algae also die quickly. Rotting algae also cause blooms. Water color is changed dur to the Algae blooms. It will be green, red or yellow. Algae blooms can also absorb oxygen from the water. Destruction of the habitats of organisms such as fish and plants. Excess nutrients in algae can disrupt the food chain in their habitat.

Components of Habitat


Water is essential for all living things. Every water source must have a well. Lots of water is needed by some species. For example, while other species require less water, dromedaries are known to carry goods and people over long distances without water. A dromedary camel can travel 161 kilometers (100 miles) without drinking water. Dromedary camels have little access to water in hot, dry climates, but dromedary camels are well adapted to northern Africa and Arabia.

Catnip, on the other hand, is a plant that grows best in wet areas such as swamps and swamps. Dense colonies of these thorny plants grow right on the bottom of lakes, riverbanks and nearby lakes. The suitable habitat of the runes depends on water. Imagine a pool at the bottom of a muddy rock. If the soil in the well drains well, it can fill the lake and absorb the water. Plant mats is not enough


The creature’s hideout protects it from predators and the weather. It is a place where you can eat, sleep, take care of your family and raise a family. There are many types of shelters. For example, a single tree can provide a protected habitat for many different creatures. The shelter can be under the leaves, for fungi the shelter can be damp at the roots of the tree. The shelter may be an elevated area for nesting and foraging.

 Types of Habitat

The place where a particular organism lives in nature is called the residence. Five main habitats: forests, meadows, deserts, mountains and Polar Regions, as well as aquatic habitats. Oceans and freshwater together make up the aquatic habitat


Forests are large plains overgrown with plants. About one third of our planet is covered by the forests. Various species of plants and animals can be found in forests. There are three main types of forests on Earth: tropical, temperate and boreal.

Tropical forests

Tropical forests, also called tropical forests, lie between the equator and the two tropics (the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn).

The temperature in these forests fluctuates between 20°C and 34°C. These regions receive abundant rainfall throughout the year; annual precipitation more than 200 cm. The diversity of flora and fauna of these forests is enormous (Fig. 10.1).

Plants: orchids, lianas, mosses and ferns.

Animals: bat, gorilla, monkey, jaguar, sloth, macaw, toucan and various insects.

Types of Habitat

Temperate Forests

Temperate forests are found in eastern North America, northeastern Asia, and western and central Europe. The temperature in these zones fluctuates between -30°C and 30°C. The annual rainfall is about 150 cm and is uniform all year round. Most of the trees found here are deciduous, meaning their leaves drop once a year (usually in winter).

Temperate forests have different winter and summer seasons.

Plants: maple, oak and elm.

Animals: fox, Cuban eagle, puma, lynx and black bear.

Boreal Forests

These are Taiga forests. These forests are found in Canada, China, Mongolia, Russia, Scandinavia, and northern Japan. These forests are characterized by very low temperatures, namely from -50 ° C to 30 ° C. The annual snowfall in these regions varies from 40 to 100 cm.

Plants: Evergreen trees such as pine, spruce, and spruce.

Animals: wolf, lynx, fox, deer, woodpecker, hare, bat, bear, moose and squirrel.


Pastures are areas where grasses predominate. There are not many trees and shrubs. Temperature range from -20°C to 30°C. Annual rainfall varies from 50 to 90 cm. Prairies are home to a wide variety of animals such as giraffes, zebras, lions, elephants, and puffs.


Deserts are areas with little rainfall. The Sahara, the Kalahari and the Tar are deserts. In warm deserts, the daytime temperature can reach 45 ° C in summer. Annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. While deserts are generally considered hot, some are very cold (such as the Gobi desert in China). In the deserts there are organisms such as the cactus, the camel, the rattlesnake, the Gila monster and the kangaroo rat.

Mountains and Polar Regions

The Earth’s Polar Regions (Arctic to the north and Antarctica to the south) and high mountains are extremely cold. The lowest temperature ever recorded in Antarctica is -88°C. In the Polar Regions, animals such as polar bears, penguins, seals and walruses can be found. Mountain goats, sheep, yaks and snow leopards are some of the animals that live in the mountains.

Aquatic habitat

Aquatic habitat includes all waters on the planet. It mainly consists of three types: fresh water, marine water and coastal water. Freshwater habitats Rivers, lakes, ponds and streams are examples of freshwater habitats. In fresh water you will find fish, frogs, ducks, lotus and water lilies.

Marine Habitat

The oceans and seas are the largest habitat on Earth. The marine environment is home to a wide variety of animals, from the small plankton to the largest animal in the world, the blue whale. In the marine environment there are fish, whales, sharks, jellyfish, crabs, starfish, sea turtles, octopuses and algae.

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